MAY
22-23-24
   
The presence of men on the territory of Parabita has remote origins (about 80,000 BC). As a matter of fact, in 1966, in a grotto called later “Delle Veneri”, there were discovered finds partially dating back to the Middle Palaeolithic, belonging to the Homo Sapiens Neanderthalensis (Neanderthal) and partially to the Upper Palaeolithic (35,000-10,000 BC), belonging to the Homo Sapiens-Sapiens (Cro-Magnon), two acephalous skeletons (Cro-Magnon 35,000 BC) and two small statues (12,000-10,000 BC) carved in horse bone, 9.6 cm and 6.7 cm of height respectively, representing pregnant women.

The “Grotta delle Veneri” is one of the most important archaeological settlements of Salento, after its discovery it has been possible to confirm the presence of the Neanderthal man in the Mediterranean Basin. The urban and social development of the village occurred up to the year 1000 BC (the Bronze Age), when in a valley situated at West, Baubota or Bavota, a strong Messapian town was established; it underwent a process of Greek colonization around 800 BC (the Iron Age). Subsequently the Messapians, basically pacific people, had to fight against Taranto and then, once allied, against Rome. Bavota was beaten and subdued (272 BC-400 BC) but, by its importance, Rome left it a certain kind of autonomy, so that it started having its own mint and minting coins. Bavota suffered the Byzantine influence thanks to the Basiliani Monks, who arrived in Salento after 726 AD. In 927 AD, though it was “strong and towered”, the town had no possibility to escape the Turkish destruction. The survivors moved at South and established the new hamlet, Parabita. The new town had strong city walls that opened at North with the “Porta di Lecce”; at West with the “Porta di Gallipoli” (today informally called “ssutta a porta”); at South a third door, which name has been lost; at East the “Porta Falsa”. The Coat of Arms of Parabita presents two towers with two cypresses, joined by a bridge, the whole is dominated by and angel handling a sword. Even this symbol seems to be a memory of the old Bavota, because the same image can be found on one face of its coins with the sole difference of a bird instead of the angel.



Salento d'Amare
   
 



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