Turi, important agricultural town, is situated on the first spurs of Murgia about 30 km from Bari. The karst/calcareous soil is rich of caves and a wide subterranean hydrography supplying many wells. The human presence is documented since Neolithic thanks to the discovery of some manufactures near the present town. They are sporadic finds, which may refer to the presence of an inhabited area or neolithic communities based on a productive economy. In Lama Rossa site an important settlement dating back to the Copper Age was found, while some finds in the south of the present town, near Masseria Moretto, date back to the Bronze Age. Cabin villages, dating back to the Iron Age, because of a demographic increase around the VII-VI century B.C., began to turn into a real Peucetia's town surronded by walls, and including an acropolis with public and cult buildings, and where the local nobility lived. There are very interesting testimonies of the Peucetia's town and its necropolis, placed in the Museums of Bari, Taranto and Conversano, and structural remains of ancient houses, found in via Castellana Grotte. In the archeological Museum of Bari it is possible to see some important tomb outfits and a valuable Attic crater with black figures, found in 1932 in via Fiume. Other finds are exposed in the Civic Museum of Conversano. In Turi's territory, there are proofs of other little settlements at Trisore, near Masseria Moretto and at Frassinetto, near Masseria Ospedale. Roman testimonies were also found in the late eighteenth century on the road to Putignano. The framework of the new town dates back to the first years of the Late Middle Ages, as it is shown in several finds of the Byzantine Age, which anticipates of some centuries the building of the Norman Castle, erected very probably by Tommaso da Frassineto, first Ruler of Turi. The Castle, enlarged by the Moles during the sixteenth century is included in the present Palazzo Marchesale elected during the eighteen century by the Venusios, who turned it into the sumptuous castle recently brought back to the ancient splendour after some restorations.

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