APRIL
30
MAY
1
   
“Under a sapphire sky, rocked by the breath of tepid air, among thick olive trees and boundless plains, Caballino lies, raising on a humble knoll and, going down slowly to the plain, draws, coarsely, the huge silhouette of a pear...” Hence used to write Duke S. Castromediano (1811-1895), patriot, archaeologist and man of letters, in his historical essay about Cavallino, between 1878 and 1894.
Not so far from the ruins of the archaic Messapian centre there established a whole of trulli and huts in the country of Lecce, that then became the village of Caballinus, “pagus in agro lyciensi”.
The living core, with the passing of centuries, went through the subsequent Gothic, Lombard, Byzantine, Norman, Angevin, Aragonese conquers, following the destiny of the land of Salento, up to becoming part of the County of Lecce and then fief of the Castromediano family. The centre started increasing around the baronial-marquess building and the Mother Church, up to the present structure of the town of Cavallino.
The etymological origin of the name Cavallino is very uncertain. At the time of the duke Castromediano there were several hypotheses. Someone made the toponym derive from the Latin etymon caballus, from which caballinus (diminutive), assuming that in our area there had been a detachment of Roman cavalry. This theory, elementary and simple, has been prevalent for a long time, and Emilio De Giorgi, student of native history of Cavallino, in charge of processing the banner of the town, chose to draw a white horse. But it is important to remember that the horse of the army, the war-horse, was called equus by the Romans and not caballus which was, instead, the beast of burden.
As for countess A. Ceva-Altemps, friend of duke Castromediano, the toponym derives instead from the Greek root kàbas, indicating the town police, watchmen, hence it is assumed the existence of a “customs station” near our town. This theory was adopted by the duke, who from then on pronounced and wrote always Caballino.

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THE CITY
Tel.0832/617111
www.comune.cavallino.le.it

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Tel. 0832/617210
ufficio cultura@comune.cavallino.le.it

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Tel. 0832/612252